Lean has evolved over the years becoming the go to methodology for process improvement and continuous improvement. Visual management is the lifeblood of a Lean production system. It provides insight across teams, departments and management. It is the link between the people and the data. Giving every stakeholder a clear picture of the day-to-day goals and objectives of the business.
We’ve broken down this article into 7 parts which you can jump right into after clicking on the links below:
What Do We Mean by Managing Visually?
Managing visually is the ability of a system to quickly show the current status to anyone that stands and observes, within 30 seconds. It may be the production status, quality standards, delivery status or a machine status. There are indicators in place to let everyone know how things are tracking. If visual management has been done well, EVERYONE in your factory understands and knows how to fix an issue if something is wrong.
What is Visual Management?
The key to growing a business is often the ability to empower people at every level to make decisions and take accountability. The TXM Lean Daily Leadership Process (LDLP) that our lean consultants use is our proven methodology that brings together visual management and leader standard work to achieve this empowerment. Visual management is the framework to communicate expectations, performance, standards, and problems in a method that requires little to no time to understand. You may have heard of visual management being used on the factory floor, but it can be used in a variety of industries and environments.
The Purpose of Visual Management?
Visual management is used to share information, work standards, build on those standards, highlight problems, stop problems occurring and prevent problems altogether.
Sharing Information – One of the major goals of visual management is the sharing of information. This information is usually about the day to day operation with metrics showing inputs, outputs, and any problems. This is one of the main purposes of visual management, the ability to share information succinctly.
Developing Standard Work – Visual management also has the ability to build standard work and processes. Improving these standards is the main purpose of Lean and building a culture of continuous improvement. These standards are then built upon with new and improved processes evolving with the business.
Sharing Standard Work – Another objective is to share standards of how work should be completed. This helps with shift change overs and training staff in the standard work procedures. Standard work will eliminate waste in the process creating stability and consistency within your Lean Production System.
Highlighting Problems – Another objective of visual management is to highlight problems when they occur, appearing out of the ordinary and deviating from the standard. Andon Lights can highlight problems on the factory floor in real-time while metrics on the visual management boards highlight problems hourly or daily.
Solving Problems – Highlighting problems and issues on a visual management board allows for the problem to be analysed and worked through at the point of the problem. It can accelerate the problem-solving process driving quick results.
What are the Benefits of Visual Management?
Saving Time – Visual management has the ability to cut down the time it takes to understand and process the information on the board. An efficient visual management board should communicate the status of the work area within 30 seconds.
Real-Time Updates – Visual management creates a centralised location for all updates to be kept and housed. It is usually updated daily to provide up-to-date information on production targets, sales targets and problems and issues.
Faster Problem Solving – It provides a structured system to discuss and work through problems in a formal setting, helping users accelerate the problem-solving process. By using tools like root cause analysis and problem solving strips you can solve the most complex problems faced by business in a timely fashion.
Improved Accountability – Visual management allows for greater accountability for everyone in the process. Helping to define roles, allocate tasks and give a standard work procedure to follow. Everyone in the process has ownership for their daily tasks.
Improved Team Performance – Improved accountability can translate into higher team performance. The purpose of visual management is to improve team performance and drive a step-change in efficiency.
Waste Reduction – Completing processes at the right time has an impact on reducing the amount of waste produced. By giving stakeholders the correct up-to-date information and resources being properly utilised has a dramatic effect on waste reduction.
Types of Visual Management
Visual management is formed by a combination of Visual Metrics and Visual Controls into easily digestible information with little to no training to understand. Visual Metrics – These are among the first tools implemented during a Lean implementation. This is the displaying of data to tell us how each area is tracking. The challenge is to ensure the information is gathered by those doing the work, in a timely fashion, and displayed so everyone in the area understands the current status. This also needs to be taken a step further; metrics must drive actions and there needs to be a clearly defined process for taking action and getting support when it’s needed.
Visual Controls – They cover more broadly how an area works physically – matters of where items are located, general housekeeping and controlling the flow of production can all be covered by visual controls. For visual controls to be effective there needs to be a clearly defined process for getting support when it’s needed. Visual Management Boards can help you answer questions on the factory floor that might take hours to answer if not done via a Visual Management Board.
- Can you tell how each area is performing?
- Will they meet their targets this week?
- Who is doing something to correct the problem?
- When will it be fixed by?
If you can’t answer these questions within a few minutes, then it’s time to revisit your Visual Management and the data you collect.
Examples of Visual Management
Continuous Improvement Boards – Using a simple design and layout these boards are used to display short term actions. These types of boards are usually found on the factory floor with machine status, daily output metrics and problem-solving issues for all employees to see.
Project Status Boards – Status boards are an agile project management tool, acting as a focus point where teams can visualise work, limit work in progress and maximise resources. It gives all stakeholders a clear picture and objective for the short and long-term goals of the project.
Daily Management Boards – Probably one of the more used board designs is a daily management board, used to communicate between shifts and across departments. The information on this type of board is simple and easy to understand.
5S Control Board – A control provides a central control and tracking of a 5S system. It highlights progress on a 5S audit, tasks to complete as well as clearly showing who is responsible for different areas of the workplace and different activities in the workplace.
Visual Management and 5S
5S and Visual management go hand in hand being the heart and soul of a Lean production system. 5S workplace organisation is a simple, practical approach delivering sustainability by sorting out, setting in order, shining and checking, standardising and sustaining. 5S uses visuals to achieve its goal of a standardised system used by every stakeholder in the business whether on the factory floor or in the office 5S and visual management can help start your Lean transformation on the right foot.
- How Lean Methodologies Can Help Your Business Create Manageable Growth
- Watch and Learn How and Where to Start When Creating your Visual Management Board
- 5 Tips for Designing an Effective Visual Management Board
- Learn How to Build Visual Management Boards into the Lean Daily Leadership Process for Front Line Leaders